Active ingridient: Disulfiram
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Antabuse is a medication used to treat alcoholism, and it works by interfering with how patients’ bodies break down alcohol. For example, if they drink alcohol while taking this drug, they will experience a variety of dangerous and unpleasant adverse effects, thus, removing their urge to drink.
Antabuse is the Solution to Fighting Alcoholism
Antabuse also known as disulfiram is the drug that blocks the enzyme that is responsible for metabolizing the alcohol that has been consumed. There are negative side effects when alcohol and antabuse react. This is the drug used on those who are seriously addicted to alcohol. It helps keep the drunkard from taking alcohol since it results in negative side effects. While the drunkard is under this medication, he is able to be rehabilitated from alcohol and with time they will stop completely.
This drug should not be taken by anyone who has recently taken paraldehyde or metronidazole. Also if you have consumed foods that have traces of alcohol like cough syrup, vinegar and some types of desserts. This drug should not be administered without the consent of the patient
Antabuse or disulfiram was invented in the 1920s. It is used in patients who are addicted to alcohol to help them get over the vice. It works by making the body highly sensitive to ethanol. It has the chemical formulae of C10H20N2S4 and its IUPAC ID is 1,1',1'',1'''-[disulfanediylbis(carbonothioylnitrilo)]tetraethane. It has a molar mass of 296.539 g/mol. This is a prescription drug only.
The drug is prescribed by the doctor or taken as written on the prescription paper. There are times that the doctor will instruct you to take other medications so that you will get better soonest. There is no time that you should take the drug in smaller or higher quantities than what you have been prescribed to.
The doctor should carry out regular blood tests to make sure that the liver is functioning properly. Any time that you are going to a medical center or a chemist, the first thing that you should tell the doctor is that you are under antabuse. It is not a must that you stay in the hospital while under the drug, but you will have to be under the keen eye of a care giver to make sure that you take the medicine on time and as required. The drug has to be used alongside attending counseling sessions.
The drug could be prescribed for months or years depending on how soon you recover completely from the alcohol. It should be stored away from light, moisture or heat.
The drug in rare occasions causes very serious negative side effects which you should alert the doctor immediately you notice them. These are: hives, swelling of the face, throat and lips. When you consume alcohol while still taking these drugs, you are likely to experience severe chest pain, slow breathing and a slow heart rate. There are times that you will also experience vision loss, confusion and liver problems.
Other symptoms that are likely to be experienced and need the doctors attention are flushing, sweating, nausea, neck pain, fast heart beat, confusion and a light headed feeling.
The most commonly felt side effects that will soon go away are skin rash, garlic taste in the mouth, mild headache and impotence. These effects go away once you stop taking the drug, however, if they persist seek medical help.
There are some patients who are allergic to antabuse, therefore you should alert your doctor before he prescribes it to you. Those who are also allergic to rubber and pesticides should avoid the drug as they have the same components. Any other allergies should be reported to the doctor too. There are some inactive ingredients in the drug therefore if you are allergic to any of them, avoid the drug at all cost.
There are certain medical conditions that would get worse if you take this drug. Those who have cases of heart diseases and even mental conditions should avoid the drug. Other patients who should avoid it are those who have suffered from diabetes, kidney disease, brain damage and a history of drug abuse.
This is the type of drug that should never be administered to anyone without their consent. The patient should first of all sober up before he can take the drug, mixing it with alcohol could prove to be fatal. You should wait for 12 hours to pass since the last time you took alcohol before taking it. After you have finished taking the drug, wait for about 14 days before you can resume taking alcohol.